Sri Lanka bombing: Country’s troubled history marked by religious divide and war – National

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A sequence of blasts in and outdoors Sri Lanka’s capital on Easter Sunday, blamed on non secular extremists, recalled the worst days of the nation’s 26-year civil battle. Here’s a take a look at a protracted and troubled historical past marked by ethnic and spiritual divides.


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Years of battle

Sri Lanka, an island nation of some 23 million folks, was dominated for many years by the sharp divide between the bulk Sinhalese, who’re overwhelmingly Buddhist, and the minority Tamil, who’re Hindu, Muslim and Christian. The mistreatment of Tamils helped nurture the expansion of armed separatists and led to almost 30 years of civil battle, with Tamil Tiger fighters ultimately making a de facto unbiased homeland within the nation’s north. The Tigers had been crushed in a 2009 authorities offensive, with some observers believing that tens of 1000’s of Tamils died in the previous couple of months of combating alone.

WATCH: Sri Lanka parliament descends into farce amid political turmoil (Nov. 2018)

A non secular divide

After the civil battle ended, a spiritual divide rapidly took maintain, with hardline Buddhist monks rallying Sri Lankans in opposition to what they argue is a pernicious risk: Muslims, who make up roughly 10 per cent of the nation’s inhabitants. Buddhist nationalist leaders accuse Muslims of recruiting kids, attempting to develop their ranks by marrying Buddhist ladies and attacking Buddhist shrines. Muslims denied the accusations. Small-town economics additionally performs a major function, since Muslims personal lots of the nation’s small outlets.


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Social media battle

In 2018, anti-Muslim violence flared throughout the hills of central Sri Lanka, fed by rumours unfold over social media about assaults on Buddhists. Mobs of Buddhists swept by small cities, attacking mosques and Muslim-owned outlets. The federal government briefly declared a state of emergency and ordered common social media networks, together with Fb, Viber and WhatsApp, blocked for a time to cease the violence from spreading.

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Supply hyperlink – https://globalnews.ca/information/5188164/sri-lanka-history/

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