Japanese medical school admits rigging exams to favor men
A prestigious Japanese medical college has confessed to systematically rigging its entrance exams in opposition to girls, in a scandal that has highlighted the nation’s deep drawback with gender discrimination.
An inner investigation discovered that Tokyo Medical College had for greater than a decade subtracted marks from feminine candidates in a deliberate effort to provide extra male docs, and falsified exams to assist particular people.
The revelations have shocked the nation and turned a highlight on a lot of different Japanese universities that admit a suspiciously small variety of girls.
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They present an ingrained tradition of sexism in Japan, which is caught at 114 out of 144 on the World Financial Discussion board’s rankings of gender inequality, regardless of frequent boasts from Prime Minister Shinzo Abe about his programme of “womenomics” aimed toward boosting feminine participation within the office.
The manipulation at Tokyo Medical solely got here to gentle after prosecutors started a corruption investigation in opposition to college officers for allegedly admitting the son of a senior bureaucrat in return for presidency grants to the college.
“We’ve got brought about a large amount of bother to everybody and betrayed the belief of society,” stated Tetsuo Yukioka, managing director of the college. “I apologize from my coronary heart.”
Mr. Yukioka stated the marking down of feminine candidates “completely” mustn’t have occurred. He vowed to eradicate the follow and stated the college was contemplating “in all sincerity” what to do about previous feminine candidates who misplaced out on locations.
For the essential essay part of this 12 months’s entrance examination, which was marked out of 100, Tokyo Medical College first subtracted 20 p.c from all marks. Then it gave 20 bonus marks to males who had taken the examination 3 times or much less. So if a lady and a person had each taken the examination and scored 70 out of 100, the girl was given a rating of 56 whereas the person was given a rating of 76.
“This could solely be described as severe discrimination in opposition to girls and it deserves sturdy criticism,” stated the college’s inner report.
Feminine docs stated they have been outraged by the college’s practices however not stunned. “I first heard rumours about universities marking down feminine college students 10 years in the past,” stated Ruriko Tsushima, a health care provider and member of the Japan Joint Affiliation of Medical Skilled Girls.
The proportion of ladies admitted to Japanese medical faculties rose steadily till 2003 when it peaked at 33.eight p.c, however has remained broadly steady since.
Whereas Japanese girls have the next move fee on entrance exams for nearly each different college topic, together with physics and engineering, in medication the move fee is 6.85 p.c for males and 5.91 p.c for girls.
Dr. Tsushima stated her group had been making an attempt to attract consideration to the low move fee for feminine candidates however acquired little consideration earlier than the scandal broke. “In a approach we should always thank Tokyo Medical College for bringing this to gentle,” she stated.
Individuals related to Tokyo Medical have informed native media that the explanation the exams have been rigged was that ladies usually tend to stop the occupation after they have youngsters. They stated this created an insupportable burden for already overworked docs, and the college was inside its authorized rights to decide on who it accepts.
That was not an ample excuse, stated Dr. Tsushima. “If docs are having to work lengthy hours to cowl maternity depart, that isn’t an issue with the potential of feminine docs, it’s a drawback with the system,” she stated.
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Supply hyperlink – https://www.cnbc.com/2018/08/09/japanese-medical-school-admits-rigging-exams-to-favor-men.html